Trauma

Thierry A G M Huisman, Andrea Poretti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Traumatic brain and spine injury (TBI/TSI) is a leading cause of death and lifelong disability in children. The biomechanical properties of the child's brain, skull, and spine, the size of the child, the age-specific activity pattern, and variance in trauma mechanisms result in a wide range of age-specific traumas and patterns of brain and spine injuries. A detailed knowledge about the various types of primary and secondary pediatric head and spine injuries is essential to better identify and understand pediatric TBI/TSI, which enhances sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis, will guide therapy, and may give important information about the prognosis. The purposes of this chapter are to: (1) discuss the unique epidemiology, mechanisms, and characteristics of TBI/TSI in children; (2) review the anatomic and functional imaging techniques that can be used to study common and rare pediatric TBI/TSI and their complications; (3) comprehensively review frequent primary and secondary brain injuries; and (4) to give a short overview of two special types of pediatric TBI/TSI: birth-related and nonaccidental injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1220
Number of pages22
JournalHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Keywords

  • brain
  • children
  • neuroimaging
  • spine
  • traumatic injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Huisman, T. A. G. M., & Poretti, A. (2016). Trauma. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 136, 1199-1220. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-53486-6.00062-4