Transverse-plane pelvic asymmetry in patients with cerebral palsy and scoliosis

Phebe S. Ko, Paul G. Jameson, Tai Li Chang, Paul David Sponseller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pelvic obliquity and loss of sitting balance develop from progressive scoliosis in cerebral palsy (CP) and are indications for surgery. Our goal was to quantify pelvic asymmetry to help understand skeletal deformity in CP and its surgical correction. METHODS: We assessed pelvic angles and transverse plane symmetry in 27 consecutive patients with scoliosis and severe CP who had undergone computed tomography for spinal surgery (subjects). The program used allowed measurement of angles in the true transverse plane, compensating for any obliquity present. Measurements included angles of the upper and lower ilium with respect to the sacrum, acetabular anteversion, and sacroiliac joint angles. We compared subject measurements with those of 20 age-matched controls and used Student t test to determine whether subjects had greater asymmetry and if the asymmetry direction was correlated with the adducted hip and/or the scoliosis in subjects with windswept hips. RESULTS: Subjects had significantly more iliac angle asymmetry (P=0.01) and asymmetry of at least 10 degrees in these categories: upper ilium, 15 (mean difference, 18); above sciatic notch, 14 (mean difference, 17); just below sciatic notch, 15 (mean difference, 19); sacroiliac joint, 5; and acetabular anteversion, 6. No control had asymmetry greater than 10 degrees. Comparing subjects with and without windswept hips, the former had more asymmetrical upper iliac angles. In 16 subjects with windswept hips, the scoliosis curve convexity was ipsilateral to the more internally rotated ilium. In 4 of the 5 subjects with severely windswept hips, the side of the adducted hip had more inward iliac rotation than did the contralateral (abducted) hip. CONCLUSIONS: Transverse pelvic asymmetry, a little-recognized deformity in patients with severe CP, is most pronounced above the acetabulum and is more common in patients with windswept hips. Spine surgeons should be aware of such asymmetry because it may make iliac fixation challenging and account for some persistent postoperative deformity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Case-control study, Level III.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-283
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Fingerprint

Scoliosis
Cerebral Palsy
Hip
Ilium
Sacroiliac Joint
Sacrum
Acetabulum
Case-Control Studies
Spine
Tomography
Students

Keywords

  • cerebral palsy
  • pelvic asymmetry
  • scoliosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Transverse-plane pelvic asymmetry in patients with cerebral palsy and scoliosis. / Ko, Phebe S.; Jameson, Paul G.; Chang, Tai Li; Sponseller, Paul David.

In: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Vol. 31, No. 3, 04.2011, p. 277-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ko, Phebe S. ; Jameson, Paul G. ; Chang, Tai Li ; Sponseller, Paul David. / Transverse-plane pelvic asymmetry in patients with cerebral palsy and scoliosis. In: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2011 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 277-283.
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N2 - BACKGROUND: Pelvic obliquity and loss of sitting balance develop from progressive scoliosis in cerebral palsy (CP) and are indications for surgery. Our goal was to quantify pelvic asymmetry to help understand skeletal deformity in CP and its surgical correction. METHODS: We assessed pelvic angles and transverse plane symmetry in 27 consecutive patients with scoliosis and severe CP who had undergone computed tomography for spinal surgery (subjects). The program used allowed measurement of angles in the true transverse plane, compensating for any obliquity present. Measurements included angles of the upper and lower ilium with respect to the sacrum, acetabular anteversion, and sacroiliac joint angles. We compared subject measurements with those of 20 age-matched controls and used Student t test to determine whether subjects had greater asymmetry and if the asymmetry direction was correlated with the adducted hip and/or the scoliosis in subjects with windswept hips. RESULTS: Subjects had significantly more iliac angle asymmetry (P=0.01) and asymmetry of at least 10 degrees in these categories: upper ilium, 15 (mean difference, 18); above sciatic notch, 14 (mean difference, 17); just below sciatic notch, 15 (mean difference, 19); sacroiliac joint, 5; and acetabular anteversion, 6. No control had asymmetry greater than 10 degrees. Comparing subjects with and without windswept hips, the former had more asymmetrical upper iliac angles. In 16 subjects with windswept hips, the scoliosis curve convexity was ipsilateral to the more internally rotated ilium. In 4 of the 5 subjects with severely windswept hips, the side of the adducted hip had more inward iliac rotation than did the contralateral (abducted) hip. CONCLUSIONS: Transverse pelvic asymmetry, a little-recognized deformity in patients with severe CP, is most pronounced above the acetabulum and is more common in patients with windswept hips. Spine surgeons should be aware of such asymmetry because it may make iliac fixation challenging and account for some persistent postoperative deformity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Case-control study, Level III.

AB - BACKGROUND: Pelvic obliquity and loss of sitting balance develop from progressive scoliosis in cerebral palsy (CP) and are indications for surgery. Our goal was to quantify pelvic asymmetry to help understand skeletal deformity in CP and its surgical correction. METHODS: We assessed pelvic angles and transverse plane symmetry in 27 consecutive patients with scoliosis and severe CP who had undergone computed tomography for spinal surgery (subjects). The program used allowed measurement of angles in the true transverse plane, compensating for any obliquity present. Measurements included angles of the upper and lower ilium with respect to the sacrum, acetabular anteversion, and sacroiliac joint angles. We compared subject measurements with those of 20 age-matched controls and used Student t test to determine whether subjects had greater asymmetry and if the asymmetry direction was correlated with the adducted hip and/or the scoliosis in subjects with windswept hips. RESULTS: Subjects had significantly more iliac angle asymmetry (P=0.01) and asymmetry of at least 10 degrees in these categories: upper ilium, 15 (mean difference, 18); above sciatic notch, 14 (mean difference, 17); just below sciatic notch, 15 (mean difference, 19); sacroiliac joint, 5; and acetabular anteversion, 6. No control had asymmetry greater than 10 degrees. Comparing subjects with and without windswept hips, the former had more asymmetrical upper iliac angles. In 16 subjects with windswept hips, the scoliosis curve convexity was ipsilateral to the more internally rotated ilium. In 4 of the 5 subjects with severely windswept hips, the side of the adducted hip had more inward iliac rotation than did the contralateral (abducted) hip. CONCLUSIONS: Transverse pelvic asymmetry, a little-recognized deformity in patients with severe CP, is most pronounced above the acetabulum and is more common in patients with windswept hips. Spine surgeons should be aware of such asymmetry because it may make iliac fixation challenging and account for some persistent postoperative deformity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Case-control study, Level III.

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