Transverse oriented electric field re-entrant resonator (TERR) with automatic tuning and coupling control for EPR spectroscopy and imaging of the beating heart

Guanglong He, Cristian Dumitrescu, Sergey Petryakov, Yuanmu Deng, Eric Kesselring, Jay L. Zweier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sample motion, particularly that of a beating heart, induces baseline noise and spectral distortion on an EPR spectrum. In order to quench motional noise and restore the EPR signal amplitude and line-width, an L-band transverse oriented electric field re-entrant resonator (TERR) was designed and constructed with provisions for automatic tuning control (ATC) and automatic coupling control (ACC) suited for studies of isolated beating rat hearts. Two sets of electronic circuits providing DC biased voltage to two varactor diodes were implemented to electronically adjust coupling and tuning. The resonator has a rectangular cross-sectional sample arm of 25 mm diameter with a Q value of 1100 without sample. Once inserted with lossy aqueous samples of 0.45% NaCl, Q value drops to 400 with a volume of 0.5 ml and 150 with 5 ml. The ATC/ACC functions were tested with a moving phantom and isolated beating rat hearts with the improvement of signal to noise ratio (S/N, peak amplitude of signal over peak amplitude of baseline noise) of 6.7-, and 4 to 6-fold, respectively. With these improvements, EPR imaging could be performed on an isolated beating rat heart. Thus, this TERR resonator with ATC/ACC enables application of EPR spectroscopy and imaging for the measurement and imaging of radical metabolism, redox state, and oxygenation in the isolated beating rat heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Volume187
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ATC/ACC
  • EPR spectroscopy and imaging
  • Isolated heart
  • Microwave resonator
  • Nitroxyl radical
  • Noise reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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