Transscleral cyclophotocoagulation of human autopsy and monkey eyes

A. L. Coleman, H. D. Jampel, J. C. Javitt, A. E. Brown, H. A. Quigley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We studied the effect of uveal pigmentation on contact Nd:YAG transscleral cyclophotocoagulation in 36 human autopsy and eight cynomolgus monkey eyes. Ten autopsy eyes from black individuals required less energy to create a lesion than 23 eyes from whites. The mean lesion diameter at the posterior pars plicata was similar in all these eyes; however, the mean energy required was 4.4 J in the black and 6.4 J in the white eyes. Transscleral cyclophotocoagulation lowered intraocular pressure (IOP) in four monkey eyes with elevated IOP, but did not in four other eyes without elevated IOP. Treatment over conjunctival pigmentation burned the conjunctiva, even at the lowest energy tested (3.5 J). Contrary to other investigators' findings, transmission electron microscopy showed at least short-term loss of scleral architecture in both the human autopsy and monkey eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-643
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic surgery
Volume22
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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