Purpose: To study gene expression changes in the rat retina and choroid following transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) and to identify molecular mechanisms that may enhance treatment of choroidal neovascularization, complicating age-related macular degeneration. Methods: One fundus of Brown Norway rats was treated with an 810 nm diode laser while the contralateral fundus received no treatment. The mRNA was extracted and processed for cDNA microarray analysis. Genes with increased expression were validated by semiquantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Results: Of the 14,815 cDNA elements on the array, 12 genes were up-regulated in TTT treated eyes. Upregulation of eight of these 12 genes could be verified by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The eight verified genes were EPCR, IL-1β, MCP-1, TSP-1, Fgl, Asns, MT-2, and NMDMC, which included 4 angiogenesis- and coagulation-related genes. Conclusions: This study demonstrates upregulation of angiogenesis- and coagulation-related genes following TTT. The response profile and its temporal relationships provide insight into the molecular mechanisms that lead to vascular occlusion and antiangiogenesis induced by TTT.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jul 20 2006|
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