Transportation of liquid crystal and CaCO3 vaterite crystal in chicken embryo and early postnatal development

Guo Ling, Liyang Wang, Feng Rui, Zhongguang Li, Juan Wang, Kexing Ren, Xin Zhou, George Ghartey-Kwansah, Meng Meng Xu, Odell Jones, Guifang Yan, Yuexin Pan, Joseph Bryant, Donald Anthony, Jianjie Ma, Williams Isaacs, Xuehong Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During chick embryo development, the liquid crystals appear in more than 20 organs at certain developmental stages, and vanish in early post-natal stage. In this study, we found a complex in embryo, the YS-J/I tunnel system, in charge of transporting the LCs and CCVCs preserved from yolk sac into the embryo. This transportation initiates from yolk sac connecting to central transportation region/reservoir via a main tunnel, spreads radically to various parts of digestive system via sub-tunnels. Our data indicate that the liquid crystals could be the best form of nutrition which is necessary in embryo development and early post-natal development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-384
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 13 2017


  • CaCO3 crystallization
  • Embryonic development
  • Yolk sac liquid crystal
  • Yolk sac-Jejunum/Ileum (YS-J/I) tunnel system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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