Transplantation of polarized type 2 donor T cells reduces mortality caused by experimental graft-versus-host disease

Werner Krenger, Kenneth R. Cooke, James M. Crawford, Stephen T. Sonis, Ray Simmons, Luying Pan, John Delmonte, Mahesh Karandikar, James L.M. Ferrara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is thought to he initiated by alloreactive type 1 T cells that secrete γ-interferon (IFN-γ). IFN-γ induces the production of inflammatory cytokines, e.g., tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-1, which are the distal mediators of GVHD. We demonstrate that the transplantation of polarized type 2 murine T cells (i.e., cells secreting IL-4 but not IFN-γ) together with T-cell-depleted bone marrow results in a significant increase in survival (P<0.001) after bone marrow transplantation across minor histocompatibility barriers (B10.BR→CBA/J). Further analysis demonstrated that increased survival in recipients of polarized type 2 T cells correlated with diminished production of both IFN-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α but with increases in IL-4 2 weeks after transplantation. Despite improved survival, histologic changes of GVHD were evident in oral mucosal and hepatic tissues at 7 weeks after bone marrow transplantation. These data provide further evidence that inflammatory cytokines in the immediate posttransplant period are pivotal to the development of mortality but that they do not correlate with individual target organ damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1278-1285
Number of pages8
JournalTransplantation
Volume62
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 1996
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

Cite this

Krenger, W., Cooke, K. R., Crawford, J. M., Sonis, S. T., Simmons, R., Pan, L., Delmonte, J., Karandikar, M., & Ferrara, J. L. M. (1996). Transplantation of polarized type 2 donor T cells reduces mortality caused by experimental graft-versus-host disease. Transplantation, 62(9), 1278-1285. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007890-199611150-00018