Three strains of miniature swine, each homozygous for a different allele of the major histocompatibility locus (MHC), have been developed by a selective breeding scheme based on tissue typing of the offspring of each generation. Prior to breeding, the original parents were reciprocally immunized by skin grafts and lymphocyte injections to produce lymphocytotoxic antisera. These antisera were then used to assess the MHC genotype of the offspring by an analysis based on selective absorption of cytotoxicity. Offspring inheriting the same serologically determined genotype were then bred sequentially. Subsequent mixed lymphocyte cultures showed a pattern of reactivity consistent with the serological genotyping, further confirming the homology between the MHC of these miniature swine and those of man and mouse. In addition to their usefulness as a model for large animal surgical transplantation, these animals provide an abundant homozygous source of histocompatibility antigens and of antihistocompatibility antisera for use in chemical characterization of products of the MHC.
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