Objective: To compare transperineal (TP-TBx) and transrectal (TR-TBx) targeted prostate biopsy in a prospective non randomized single surgeon series of MR/US fusion-guided targeted biopsy performed using an electromagnetic tracking platform (NCT04026763). Materials and Methods: In this single-institution prospective study, 168 patients who underwent transperineal systematic 12-core biopsy and TP-TBx with electromagnetic tracking (UroNav, Invivo, Gainesville, FL) were compared to 211 patients who underwent a similar procedure by a transrectal approach. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess if biopsy technique impacted all cancer detection rates or clinically significant (Gleason score >3+4) cancer detection rates. Results: Patients who underwent TP-TBx were older (68 vs 65 y, P = .014), with a slightly higher rate of PI-RADSv2.0 score (39% vs 28%, P = .039) and higher lesion volume on mpMRI (0.54 vs 0.41 cc, P = .039). The rates of CS disease detection by TP-TBx and TR-TBx were 59% and 54%, respectively. In a multivariate analysis adjusting for PSA, previous biopsy status, prostate volume, PI-RADS score, lesion volume, and lesion location, there was no statistically significant difference in likelihood to detect any PCa (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.56-1.71; P =. 940) or CS PCa (OR, 0.94, 95% CI, 0.58-1.51; P =. 791). Conclusion: Transperineal targeted biopsy with electromagnetic-tracking is comparable to the transrectal fusion-guided approach in the detection of any PCa and csPCa cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas