Transmission of high erbium: YAG laser pulse energies through germanium oxide trunk fibers with sapphire tips

Travis J. Polletto, Anthony K. Ngo, Alexei Tchapyjnikov, Ken Levin, Danh Tran, Nathaniel M. Fried

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Endoscopic applications of the Erbium:YAG laser have been limited due to the lack of a suitable optical fiber delivery system. This study compares the transmission of Er:YAG laser radiation through germanium oxide trunk fibers with silica or sapphire fiber tips for potential use in endoscopic tissue ablation. Er: YAG laser radiation with a wavelength of 2.94 μm, pulse length of 300 μs, pulse energies of 5-1360 mJ, and pulse rates of 3-10 Hz, was delivered through 1-m-long germanium oxide fibers with either 1-cm-long, 550-jjm-diameter silica or sapphire tips. Transmission through the germanium oxide / sapphire fibers measured 65 ± 5 % compared with 55 ± 4 % for the germanium oxide / silica fibers (P <0.05). The damage threshold for the hybrid fibers averaged 309 ± 44 mJ and 126 ± 43 mJ, respectively (n = 7 fibers each) (P <0.05). Maximum pulse energies transmitted through the fibers were 700 mJ and 220 mJ, respectively. Improved index-matching of the trunk fiber and fiber tip at 2.94 μm resulted in higher transmission and damage thresholds for the germanium oxide / sapphire fibers. The germanium oxide / sapphire fiber may represent a promising mid-IR optical fiber delivery system for use in endoscopic applications of the Er:YAG laser requiring a flexible, biocompatible, and robust fiber delivery system for contact tissue ablation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume6424
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
EventPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics III - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 20 2007Jan 21 2007

Other

OtherPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics III
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period1/20/071/21/07

Fingerprint

Germanium oxides
Erbium
Sapphire
Laser pulses
Fibers
Silica
Laser radiation
Ablation
Optical fibers
Tissue
Lasers

Keywords

  • Endoscopic
  • Er:YAG
  • Erbium
  • Erbium:YAG
  • Germanium oxide
  • Mid-infrared

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Polletto, T. J., Ngo, A. K., Tchapyjnikov, A., Levin, K., Tran, D., & Fried, N. M. (2007). Transmission of high erbium: YAG laser pulse energies through germanium oxide trunk fibers with sapphire tips. In Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE (Vol. 6424). [642416] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.697933

Transmission of high erbium : YAG laser pulse energies through germanium oxide trunk fibers with sapphire tips. / Polletto, Travis J.; Ngo, Anthony K.; Tchapyjnikov, Alexei; Levin, Ken; Tran, Danh; Fried, Nathaniel M.

Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. Vol. 6424 2007. 642416.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Polletto, TJ, Ngo, AK, Tchapyjnikov, A, Levin, K, Tran, D & Fried, NM 2007, Transmission of high erbium: YAG laser pulse energies through germanium oxide trunk fibers with sapphire tips. in Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. vol. 6424, 642416, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics III, San Jose, CA, United States, 1/20/07. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.697933
Polletto TJ, Ngo AK, Tchapyjnikov A, Levin K, Tran D, Fried NM. Transmission of high erbium: YAG laser pulse energies through germanium oxide trunk fibers with sapphire tips. In Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. Vol. 6424. 2007. 642416 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.697933
Polletto, Travis J. ; Ngo, Anthony K. ; Tchapyjnikov, Alexei ; Levin, Ken ; Tran, Danh ; Fried, Nathaniel M. / Transmission of high erbium : YAG laser pulse energies through germanium oxide trunk fibers with sapphire tips. Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. Vol. 6424 2007.
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abstract = "Endoscopic applications of the Erbium:YAG laser have been limited due to the lack of a suitable optical fiber delivery system. This study compares the transmission of Er:YAG laser radiation through germanium oxide trunk fibers with silica or sapphire fiber tips for potential use in endoscopic tissue ablation. Er: YAG laser radiation with a wavelength of 2.94 μm, pulse length of 300 μs, pulse energies of 5-1360 mJ, and pulse rates of 3-10 Hz, was delivered through 1-m-long germanium oxide fibers with either 1-cm-long, 550-jjm-diameter silica or sapphire tips. Transmission through the germanium oxide / sapphire fibers measured 65 ± 5 {\%} compared with 55 ± 4 {\%} for the germanium oxide / silica fibers (P <0.05). The damage threshold for the hybrid fibers averaged 309 ± 44 mJ and 126 ± 43 mJ, respectively (n = 7 fibers each) (P <0.05). Maximum pulse energies transmitted through the fibers were 700 mJ and 220 mJ, respectively. Improved index-matching of the trunk fiber and fiber tip at 2.94 μm resulted in higher transmission and damage thresholds for the germanium oxide / sapphire fibers. The germanium oxide / sapphire fiber may represent a promising mid-IR optical fiber delivery system for use in endoscopic applications of the Er:YAG laser requiring a flexible, biocompatible, and robust fiber delivery system for contact tissue ablation.",
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