Transmission of free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG and Er:YSGG laser energy through germanium oxide/silica fibers

Nathaniel M. Fried, Yubing Yang, Kyunhee Lee, Hussain A. Tafti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Endoscopic Erbium laser applications have been limited by the lack of a suitable optical fiber. This study describes a hybrid germanium oxide/silica fiber for transmission of Q-switched and free-running Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser radiation. Hybrid fibers consisted of a 1-meter-long germanium trunk fiber connected to a 1-cm-long silica fiber tip using PTFE, PET, or PTFE/FEP heat-shrink tubing. Maximum transmission of Er:YAG energy through fiber trunk/tip diameters of 250/365, 350/365, and 450/550 μm were recorded. The transmission rates through 450/550 μm fibers using Q-switched (500 ns) and free-running (300 μs) Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser pulses were also measured. Maximum free-running Er:YAG pulse energies (fluences) measured up to 103 mJ (98 J/cm 2), 112 mJ (107 J/cm 2), and 233 mJ (98 J/cm 2), respectively, through 250/365, 350/365, and 450/550 hybrid fibers. Free-running Er:YAG and Er:YSGG transmission averaged 56% and 65%, with an attenuation of 1.1 ± 0.1 dB/m and 0.6 ± 0.1 dB/m, respectively, after correction for Fresnel losses (n = 7). Q-switched Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser transmission averaged 55% and 62%, with an attenuation of 1.1 ± 0.2 dB/m and 0.9 ± 0.3 dB/m, respectively. Both Q-switched lasers transmitted a maximum pulse energy of 13 mJ (n = 7). The germanium/silica fiber is promising for use with the Erbium laser in applications requiring contact laser tissue ablation through a flexible endoscope.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
EditorsI. Gannot
Pages115-119
Number of pages5
Volume5691
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
EventOptical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Applications V - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 22 2005Jan 25 2005

Other

OtherOptical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Applications V
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period1/22/051/25/05

Fingerprint

Germanium oxides
Silica
Fibers
Lasers
Erbium
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Germanium
Laser pulses
Q switched lasers
Laser applications
Endoscopy
Tubing
Laser radiation
Ablation
Optical fibers
Tissue

Keywords

  • Erbium
  • Fiber
  • Germanium
  • Hybrid
  • Mid-IR
  • Oxide glass
  • Q-switched

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Fried, N. M., Yang, Y., Lee, K., & Tafti, H. A. (2005). Transmission of free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG and Er:YSGG laser energy through germanium oxide/silica fibers. In I. Gannot (Ed.), Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE (Vol. 5691, pp. 115-119). [15] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.586355

Transmission of free-running and Q-switched Er : YAG and Er:YSGG laser energy through germanium oxide/silica fibers. / Fried, Nathaniel M.; Yang, Yubing; Lee, Kyunhee; Tafti, Hussain A.

Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. ed. / I. Gannot. Vol. 5691 2005. p. 115-119 15.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Fried, NM, Yang, Y, Lee, K & Tafti, HA 2005, Transmission of free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG and Er:YSGG laser energy through germanium oxide/silica fibers. in I Gannot (ed.), Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. vol. 5691, 15, pp. 115-119, Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Applications V, San Jose, CA, United States, 1/22/05. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.586355
Fried NM, Yang Y, Lee K, Tafti HA. Transmission of free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG and Er:YSGG laser energy through germanium oxide/silica fibers. In Gannot I, editor, Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. Vol. 5691. 2005. p. 115-119. 15 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.586355
Fried, Nathaniel M. ; Yang, Yubing ; Lee, Kyunhee ; Tafti, Hussain A. / Transmission of free-running and Q-switched Er : YAG and Er:YSGG laser energy through germanium oxide/silica fibers. Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE. editor / I. Gannot. Vol. 5691 2005. pp. 115-119
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title = "Transmission of free-running and Q-switched Er: YAG and Er:YSGG laser energy through germanium oxide/silica fibers",
abstract = "Endoscopic Erbium laser applications have been limited by the lack of a suitable optical fiber. This study describes a hybrid germanium oxide/silica fiber for transmission of Q-switched and free-running Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser radiation. Hybrid fibers consisted of a 1-meter-long germanium trunk fiber connected to a 1-cm-long silica fiber tip using PTFE, PET, or PTFE/FEP heat-shrink tubing. Maximum transmission of Er:YAG energy through fiber trunk/tip diameters of 250/365, 350/365, and 450/550 μm were recorded. The transmission rates through 450/550 μm fibers using Q-switched (500 ns) and free-running (300 μs) Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser pulses were also measured. Maximum free-running Er:YAG pulse energies (fluences) measured up to 103 mJ (98 J/cm 2), 112 mJ (107 J/cm 2), and 233 mJ (98 J/cm 2), respectively, through 250/365, 350/365, and 450/550 hybrid fibers. Free-running Er:YAG and Er:YSGG transmission averaged 56{\%} and 65{\%}, with an attenuation of 1.1 ± 0.1 dB/m and 0.6 ± 0.1 dB/m, respectively, after correction for Fresnel losses (n = 7). Q-switched Er:YAG and Er:YSGG laser transmission averaged 55{\%} and 62{\%}, with an attenuation of 1.1 ± 0.2 dB/m and 0.9 ± 0.3 dB/m, respectively. Both Q-switched lasers transmitted a maximum pulse energy of 13 mJ (n = 7). The germanium/silica fiber is promising for use with the Erbium laser in applications requiring contact laser tissue ablation through a flexible endoscope.",
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