The central dogma of molecular biology reaches a crescendo at its final step: the translation of an mRNA into its corresponding protein product. This process is highly regulated both spatially and temporally, requiring techniques to interrogate the subcellular translational status of mRNAs in both living and fixed cells. Single-molecule imaging of nascent peptides (SINAPs) and related techniques allow us to study this fundamental process for single mRNAs in live cells. These techniques enable researchers to address previously intractable questions in the central dogma, such as the origin of stochastic translational control and the role of local translation in highly polarized cells. In this review, we present the methodology and the theoretical framework for conducting studies using SINAPs in both established cell lines and primary cultured neurons.
- Fluorescence microscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)