Translation from the 5' untranslated region shapes the integrated stress response

Shelley R. Starck, Jordan C. Tsai, Keling Chen, Michael Shodiya, Lei Wang, Kinnosuke Yahiro, Manuela Martins-Green, Nilabh Shastri, Peter Walter

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Translated regions distinct from annotated coding sequences have emerged as essential elements of the proteome.This includes upstream open reading frames (uORFs) present in mRNAs controlled by the integrated stress response (ISR) that show "privileged" translation despite inhibited eukaryotic initiation factor 2-guanosine triphosphate-initiator methionyl transfer RNA (eIF2•GTP•Met-tRNAi Met).We developed tracing translation by Tcells to directly measure the translation products of uORFs during the ISR.We identified signature translation events from uORFs in the 5' untranslated region of binding immunoglobulin protein (BiP) mRNA (also called heat shock 70-kilodalton protein 5mRNA) that were not initiated at the start codon AUG. BiP expression during the ISR required both the alternative initiation factor eIF2A and non-AUG-initiated uORFs.We propose that persistent uORF translation, for a variety of chaperones, shelters selectmRNAs fromthe ISR,while simultaneously generating peptides that could serve as major histocompatibility complex class I ligands,marking cells for recognition by the adaptive immune system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465 and aad38671-aad386710
Issue number6272
StatePublished - Jan 29 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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