Transition from the Lactational Amenorrhea Method to other modern family planning methods in rural Bangladesh: Barrier analysis and implications for behavior change communication program intervention design

Robin Anthony Kouyaté, Salahuddin Ahmed, Jaime Haver, Catharine McKaig, Nargis Akter, Angela Nash-Mercado, Abdullah Baqui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The timely transition from Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM). 2 The lactational amenorrhea method, also known as LAM, is a modern, temporary contraceptive method based on natural infertility resulting from patterns of breastfeeding. to another modern family planning method contributes to healthy spacing of pregnancies by increasing the adoption of family planning during the first year postpartum. Yet, literature suggests challenges in completing a timely LAM transition. To guide program implementation in Bangladesh, this study identified factors influencing women's transition decisions.Eighty postpartum women, comprising 40 who transitioned from LAM. 3 In this article, these women are referred to as "transitioners," which is defined as women who transitioned from LAM to another modern contraception method. and 40 who did not,. 4 In this article, these women are referred to as "non-transitioners," which is defined as women who did not transition from LAM to another modern contraception method. participated. Half of each group participated in in-depth interviews to explore the decision-making process. All participants responded to a "Barrier Analysis" questionnaire to identify differences in eight behavioral determinants.More than half of transitioners switched to another modern method before or within the same month that LAM ended. Of the 18 transitioners who delayed,. 5 In this article, these women are referred to as "delayed transitioners," which is defined as women who delayed the LAM transition beyond the month during which the first criteria changed. 15 waited for menses to return. For non-transitioners, key barriers included waiting for menses to return, misconceptions on return to fertility, and perceived lack of familial support. The LAM transition can help women prevent unintended pregnancy during the first year postpartum. Increased emphasis on counseling women about the risk of pregnancy, and misconceptions about personal fertility patterns are critical for facilitating the transition. Strategies should also include interventions that train health workers and improve social support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-17
Number of pages8
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015



  • Barrier analysis
  • Contraception
  • Lactational Amenorrhea Method
  • Postpartum family planning
  • Qualitative Research Methods
  • South Asia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this