Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by enhanced vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling, which are attributable to the alteration of Ca21 homeostasis in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). It is well established that store-operated Ca21 entry (SOCE) is augmented in PASMCs during PH and that it plays a crucial role in PH development. Our previous studies showed that the melastatin-related transient receptor potential 8 (TRPM8) is down-regulated in PASMCs of PH animal models, and activation of TRPM8 causes relaxation of pulmonary arteries (PAs). However, the mechanism of TRPM8-induced PA relaxation is unclear. Here we examined the interaction of TRPM8 and SOCE in PAs and PASMCs of normoxic and chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertensive (CHPH) rats, a model of human group 3 PH. We found that TRPM8 was down-regulated and TRPM8-mediated cation entry was reduced in CHPH-PASMCs. Activation of TRPM8 with icilin caused concentration-dependent relaxation of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) and endothelin-1 contracted endothelium-denuded PAs, and the effect was abolished by the SOCE antagonist Gd31. Application of icilin to PASMCs suppressed CPA-induced Mn21 quenching and Ca21 entry, which was reversed by the TRPM8 antagonist N-(3-aminopropyl)-2-([(3-methylphenyl)methyl])-oxy-N-(2-thienylmethyl)benzamide hydrochloride salt (AMTB). Moreover, the inhibitory effects of icilin on SOCE in PA and PASMCs of CHPH rats were significantly augmented due to enhanced SOCE activity in PH. Our results, therefore, demonstrated a novel mechanism of TRPM8-mediated inhibition of SOCE in pulmonary vasculature. Because SOCE is important for vascular remodeling and enhanced vasoconstriction, down-regulation of TRPM8 in PASMCs of CHPH rats may minimize its inhibitory influence to allow unimpeded SOCE activity for PH development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jun 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine