Transferring Juvenile defendants from adult to Juvenile court: How Maryland forensic evaluators and judges reach their decisions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine how often Maryland judges agreed with the opinions of forensic evaluators in deciding whether to transfer youthful defendants to juvenile court from adult court and to investigate which factors were most important in the opinions of the evaluators and the final decisions of the judges. Data were extracted from a sample of 200 waiver evaluations, and case outcomes were determined. Factors were examined with both univariate analysis and logistic regression models, to find correlates to and predictors of judges' decisions and evaluators' opinions. The most important factor influencing the decision of the judges was the forensic evaluators' opinions. Logistic regression analysis identified three factors that were significant predictors of the evaluator's opinion: public safety risk, history of the involvement of Department of Juvenile Services, and defendant's age at the time of the offense. The judges' decisions correlated strongly with the forensic evaluators' opinions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-340
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Volume40
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

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Logistic Models
Public Opinion
Regression Analysis
Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Transferring Juvenile defendants from adult to Juvenile court: How Maryland forensic evaluators and judges reach their decisions",
abstract = "The purpose of the study was to determine how often Maryland judges agreed with the opinions of forensic evaluators in deciding whether to transfer youthful defendants to juvenile court from adult court and to investigate which factors were most important in the opinions of the evaluators and the final decisions of the judges. Data were extracted from a sample of 200 waiver evaluations, and case outcomes were determined. Factors were examined with both univariate analysis and logistic regression models, to find correlates to and predictors of judges' decisions and evaluators' opinions. The most important factor influencing the decision of the judges was the forensic evaluators' opinions. Logistic regression analysis identified three factors that were significant predictors of the evaluator's opinion: public safety risk, history of the involvement of Department of Juvenile Services, and defendant's age at the time of the offense. The judges' decisions correlated strongly with the forensic evaluators' opinions.",
author = "Ronald Means and Heller, {Lawrence D.} and Janofsky, {Jeffrey Stuart}",
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