Transendoscopic laser based surgical procedure within body cavities

Alon Goren, Abraham Dayan, Israel Gannot

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The recent development of flexible hollow waveguides for MID-IR lasers may be utilized transendoscopically to ablate selectively neoplastic, superficial tissues within body cavities. Study goals are to investigate theoretically and experimentally heat distribution and thermal response of cavity lining, during CO2 laser Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS), and to thermally optimize the procedure under practical conditions. Mathematical model was developed to predict temperature distribution along cavity lining during and after the irradiation. Experimental setup was built, including all the necessary components for a fully feedback-controlled MIS (CO2 laser, hollow waveguide, suction, insufflation, electrical regulators, cavity-like phantoms, IR camera, Labview application). Thermal images of cavity lining were recorded and analyzed throughout varying conditions. Thermal gradients were obtained mathematically and experimentally. Diverse modes of heat dispersions were observed, as well as the relative contributions of user-controlled parameters to the maximal heat of cavity lining. The software-controlled setup has demonstrated instant adaptivity to manage varying conditions, by which it automatically protects cavity lining from getting overheated. Analytical predictions and experimental measurements were highly correlated. The software-controlled system may serve a powerful tool to control thermal side effects during MIS within body cavities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-45
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4957
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventPROGRESS IN BIOMEDICAL OPTICS AND IMAGING: Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Applications III - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 25 2003Jan 28 2003

Keywords

  • Fiberoptic
  • Flexible hollow waveguides
  • IR imaging
  • Minimal invasive surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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