Transcranioplasty Ultrasound Through a Sonolucent Cranial Implant Made of Polymethyl Methacrylate: Phantom Study Comparing Ultrasound, Computed Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Micah Belzberg, Netanel Ben Shalom, Angela Lu, Edward Yuhanna, Amir Manbachi, Aylin Tekes, Judy Huang, Henry Brem, Chad Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Current methods of transcranial diagnostic ultrasound imaging are limited by the skull's acoustic properties. Craniotomy, craniectomy, and cranioplasty procedures present opportunities to circumvent these limitations by substituting autologous bone with synthetic cranial implants composed of sonolucent biomaterials. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the potential to image the brain using transcranioplasty ultrasound (TCU) through a sonolucent cranial implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A validated adult brain phantom was imaged using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound without an implant. Next, for experimental comparison, TCU was performed through a sonolucent implant composed of clear polymethyl methacrylate. RESULTS: All imaging modalities successfully revealed elements of the brain phantom, including the bilateral ventricular system, the falx cerebri, and a deep hyperdense mass representing a brain tumor or hematoma. In addition, ultrasound images were captured which closely resembled axial images obtained with both CT and MRI. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in this first-ever, preclinical, phantom study suggest TCU is now a viable immediate and long-term diagnostic imaging modality deserving of further clinical investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e626-e629
JournalThe Journal of craniofacial surgery
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

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Polymethyl Methacrylate
Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Diagnostic Imaging
Ultrasonography
Brain
Craniotomy
Biocompatible Materials
Acoustics
Skull
Brain Neoplasms
Hematoma
Spinal Cord
Bone and Bones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

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title = "Transcranioplasty Ultrasound Through a Sonolucent Cranial Implant Made of Polymethyl Methacrylate: Phantom Study Comparing Ultrasound, Computed Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Current methods of transcranial diagnostic ultrasound imaging are limited by the skull's acoustic properties. Craniotomy, craniectomy, and cranioplasty procedures present opportunities to circumvent these limitations by substituting autologous bone with synthetic cranial implants composed of sonolucent biomaterials. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the potential to image the brain using transcranioplasty ultrasound (TCU) through a sonolucent cranial implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A validated adult brain phantom was imaged using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound without an implant. Next, for experimental comparison, TCU was performed through a sonolucent implant composed of clear polymethyl methacrylate. RESULTS: All imaging modalities successfully revealed elements of the brain phantom, including the bilateral ventricular system, the falx cerebri, and a deep hyperdense mass representing a brain tumor or hematoma. In addition, ultrasound images were captured which closely resembled axial images obtained with both CT and MRI. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in this first-ever, preclinical, phantom study suggest TCU is now a viable immediate and long-term diagnostic imaging modality deserving of further clinical investigation.",
author = "Micah Belzberg and Shalom, {Netanel Ben} and Angela Lu and Edward Yuhanna and Amir Manbachi and Aylin Tekes and Judy Huang and Henry Brem and Chad Gordon",
year = "2019",
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T2 - Phantom Study Comparing Ultrasound, Computed Tomography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

AU - Belzberg, Micah

AU - Shalom, Netanel Ben

AU - Lu, Angela

AU - Yuhanna, Edward

AU - Manbachi, Amir

AU - Tekes, Aylin

AU - Huang, Judy

AU - Brem, Henry

AU - Gordon, Chad

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Current methods of transcranial diagnostic ultrasound imaging are limited by the skull's acoustic properties. Craniotomy, craniectomy, and cranioplasty procedures present opportunities to circumvent these limitations by substituting autologous bone with synthetic cranial implants composed of sonolucent biomaterials. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the potential to image the brain using transcranioplasty ultrasound (TCU) through a sonolucent cranial implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A validated adult brain phantom was imaged using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound without an implant. Next, for experimental comparison, TCU was performed through a sonolucent implant composed of clear polymethyl methacrylate. RESULTS: All imaging modalities successfully revealed elements of the brain phantom, including the bilateral ventricular system, the falx cerebri, and a deep hyperdense mass representing a brain tumor or hematoma. In addition, ultrasound images were captured which closely resembled axial images obtained with both CT and MRI. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in this first-ever, preclinical, phantom study suggest TCU is now a viable immediate and long-term diagnostic imaging modality deserving of further clinical investigation.

AB - BACKGROUND: Current methods of transcranial diagnostic ultrasound imaging are limited by the skull's acoustic properties. Craniotomy, craniectomy, and cranioplasty procedures present opportunities to circumvent these limitations by substituting autologous bone with synthetic cranial implants composed of sonolucent biomaterials. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the potential to image the brain using transcranioplasty ultrasound (TCU) through a sonolucent cranial implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A validated adult brain phantom was imaged using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound without an implant. Next, for experimental comparison, TCU was performed through a sonolucent implant composed of clear polymethyl methacrylate. RESULTS: All imaging modalities successfully revealed elements of the brain phantom, including the bilateral ventricular system, the falx cerebri, and a deep hyperdense mass representing a brain tumor or hematoma. In addition, ultrasound images were captured which closely resembled axial images obtained with both CT and MRI. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in this first-ever, preclinical, phantom study suggest TCU is now a viable immediate and long-term diagnostic imaging modality deserving of further clinical investigation.

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