Background and Purpose. During the evaluation of acute ischemic stroke with diffusion- and perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI and PWI, respectively), the presence of salvageable brain tissue is suggested by the occurrence of a perfusion-diffusion "mismatch." DWI and PWI, however, are not universally available and have inherent inconveniences, which justify a search for practical diagnostic alternatives. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are transcranial Doppler (TCD) markers of mismatch. Methods. Retrospective analysis of 22 patients with acute ischemic stroke affecting the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory, who had a TCD performed within 24 hours of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with DWI and PWI. Results. MRI and TCD were performed on average 10.8 ± 9.2 hours apart. Time from symptom onset to MRI and TCD completion were 1.6 ± 1.6 and 2 ± 1.9 days, respectively. MCA and intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) asymmetry, together with a large ICA-to-MCA gradient, were associated with the presence of mismatch. The combined use of 2 TCD parameters (MCA CBFV asymmetry of ≥ 30% and ICA-to-MCA gradient ≥ 20 cm/sec) had a sensitivity of 75%, specificity of 80%, positive predictive value of 82%, and negative predictive value of 73% at detecting mismatch cases. Conclusions. Diffusion-perfusion mismatch appears to be associated with interhemispheric asymmetry between MCA and ICA CBFVs, and a large CBFV gradient between the ICA and MCA on the affected side. Prospective studies are required to verify these observations and to determine whether TCD can be used to follow patients with mismatch.
- Ischemic stroke
- Perfusion-diffusion mismatch
- Transcranial Doppler ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology