Transcranial doppler after traumatic brain injury: Is there a role?

Pierre Bouzat, Mauro Oddo, Jean François Payen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present the practical aspects of transcranial Doppler (TCD) and provide evidence supporting its use for the management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. RECENT FINDINGS: TCD measures systolic, mean, and diastolic cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocities and calculates the pulsatility index from basal intracranial arteries. These variables reflect the brain circulation, provided there is control of potential confounding factors. TCD can be useful in patients with severe TBI to detect low CBF, for example, during intracranial hypertension, and to assess cerebral autoregulation. In the emergency room, TCD might complement brain computed tomography (CT) scan and clinical examination to screen patients at risk for further neurological deterioration after mild-to-moderate TBI. SUMMARY: The diagnostic value of TCD should be incorporated into other findings from multimodal brain monitoring and CT scan to optimize the bedside management of patients with TBI and help guide the choice of appropriate therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent opinion in critical care
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • cerebral blood flow
  • intensive care
  • transcranial Doppler
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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