Transcatheter aortic valve replacement versus surgical aortic valve replacement in patients with cirrhosis

Badal Thakkar, Aashay Patel, Bashar Mohamad, Nileshkumar J. Patel, Parth Bhatt, Ronak Bhimani, Achint Patel, Shilpkumar Arora, Chirag Savani, Shantanu Solanki, Rajesh Sonani, Samir Patel, Nilay Patel, Abhishek Deshmukh, Tamam Mohamad, Cindy Grines, Michael Cleman, Abeel Mangi, John Forrest, Apurva O. Badheka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Objectives To compare the in-hospital outcomes in cirrhosis patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) versus those undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Background Over the last 10 years, TAVR has emerged as a therapeutic option for treating severe aortic stenosis in high-risk patients. Cirrhosis patients have a high risk of operative morbidity and mortality while undergoing cardiac surgery. This study's hypothesis was that TAVR is a safer alternative compared to SAVR in cirrhosis patients. Methods The study population was derived from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) for the years 2011-2012 using ICD-9-CM procedure codes 35.21 and 35.22 for SAVR, and 35.05 and 35.06 for TAVR. Patients <50 years of age and those who concomitantly underwent other valvular procedures were excluded. ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes were used to identify patients with liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and esophageal varices. Using propensity score matching, two matched cohorts were derived in which the outcomes were compared using appropriate statistical tests. Results There were 30 patients in the SAVR and TAVR group each. Compared to the TAVR group, the patients in SAVR group had significantly higher rate of transfusion of whole blood or blood products (p = 0.037), longer mean postprocedural length of stay (p = 0.006), and nonsignificantly higher mean cost of hospitalization (p = 0.2), any complications rate (p = 0.09), and liver complications rate (p = 0.4). In-hospital mortality rate was same in the both the groups. No patients in the TAVR group required open-heart surgery or cardiopulmonary bypass. Conclusion TAVR could be a viable option for aortic valve replacement in cirrhosis patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)955-962
Number of pages8
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • cirrhosis
  • complications
  • hospital outcomes
  • surgical aortic valve replacement
  • transcatheter aortic valve replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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