Tracking of dietary intake patterns of Chinese from childhood to adolescence over a six-year follow-up period

Youfa Wang, Margaret E. Bentley, Fengying Zhai, Barry M. Popkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Limited literature has explored whether dietary intake patterns are maintained or changed between childhood and adolescence. More research is required to understand the predictors of these patterns. Using longitudinal data collected in China for 984 children initially aged 6-13 y, we examined children's dietary intake patterns over a 6-y period and the predictors. Detailed data on children's diets (three 24-h recalls in each survey), anthropometry, sociodemographic characteristics and parental education and occupation were collected. To study the predictors of tracking and changes, we conducted ordinary and multinomial logistic regression analyses. Significant correlations (r = 0.28-0.51, P <0.05) between individuals' 1991 and 1997 dietary intakes were observed for macronutrients and major food groups (vegetable and fruit, meat and edible oil), which were also supported by κ (a statistic measuring agreement beyond chance). About half of those who initially consumed high fat, high carbohydrate, high vegetable and fruit, and high meat diets continued such diets 6 y later. Family income, urban-rural residence, mother's education and baseline dietary intakes were important predictors of children's dietary intake patterns. In conclusion, even under conditions of rapid socioeconomic change, children are likely to maintain their dietary intake patterns from childhood into adolescence. Efforts to promote healthy eating behaviors may be more effective if focused on younger children, and parents should be involved in these efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-438
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume132
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

adolescence
childhood
food intake
Diet
Vegetables
Meat
education
Fruit
vegetables
meat
diet
Education
Anthropometry
fruits
sociodemographic characteristics
household income
healthy diet
food groups
Feeding Behavior
anthropometric measurements

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • China
  • Dietary intake
  • Tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Tracking of dietary intake patterns of Chinese from childhood to adolescence over a six-year follow-up period. / Wang, Youfa; Bentley, Margaret E.; Zhai, Fengying; Popkin, Barry M.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 132, No. 3, 2002, p. 430-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Youfa ; Bentley, Margaret E. ; Zhai, Fengying ; Popkin, Barry M. / Tracking of dietary intake patterns of Chinese from childhood to adolescence over a six-year follow-up period. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2002 ; Vol. 132, No. 3. pp. 430-438.
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