Tracking early readmission after pancreatectomy to index and nonindex institutions: A more accurate assessment of readmission

Jeffrey J. Tosoian, Caitlin W. Hicks, John L. Cameron, Vicente Valero, Frederic E. Eckhauser, Kenzo Hirose, Martin A. Makary, Timothy M. Pawlik, Nita Ahuja, Matthew J. Weiss, Christopher L. Wolfgang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

IMPORTANCE: Readmission after pancreatectomy is common, but few data compare patterns of readmission to index and nonindex hospitals. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the rate of readmission to index and nonindex institutions following pancreatectomy at a tertiary high-volume institution and to identify patient-level factors predictive of those readmissions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected institutional database linked to statewide data of patients who underwent pancreatectomy at a tertiary care referral center between January 1, 2005, and December 2, 2010. EXPOSURE Pancreatectomy. MAINOUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary outcome was unplanned 30-day readmission to index or nonindex hospitals. Risk factors and reasons for readmission were measured and compared by site using univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: Among all 623 patients who underwent pancreatectomy during the study period, 134 (21.5%) were readmitted to our institution (105 [78.4%]) or to an outside institution (29 [21.6%]). Fifty-six patients (41.8%) were readmitted because of a gastrointestinal or nutritional problem related to surgery and 42 patients (31.3%) because of a postoperative infection. On multivariable analysis, factors independently associated with readmission included age 65 years or older (odds ratio [OR], 1.80; 95% CI, 1.19-2.71), preexisting liver disease (OR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.23-4.24), distal pancreatectomy (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.11-2.84), and postoperative drain placement (OR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.00-7.14). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In total, 21.5% of patients required early readmission after pancreatectomy. Even in the setting of a tertiary care referral center, 21.6% of these readmissions were to nonindex institutions. Specific patient-level factors were associated with an increased risk of readmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-158
Number of pages7
JournalJAMA surgery
Volume150
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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