Trachoma Mapping in Gombe State, Nigeria: Results of 11 Local Government Area Surveys

for the Global Trachoma Mapping Project

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the need or otherwise for establishment of a trachoma elimination program in Gombe State, Nigeria, by estimating the population-based prevalence of trachoma in each Local Government Area (LGA) of Gombe. Methods: Using a multi-stage, systematic, random, and quasi-random sampling approach and Global Trachoma Mapping Project support, we selected 25 clusters in each LGA. In each cluster, we selected 25 households and all consenting residents aged 1 year and older were examined for trachomatous inflammation–follicular (TF) and trichiasis, using the World Health Organization simplified grading scheme. Results: No LGA in Gombe State had a TF prevalence ≥5% in 1–9-year-olds. All LGAs had trichiasis prevalences above the elimination threshold and should be targeted for community-based delivery of trichiasis surgery. Only three LGAs had household-level improved wash water access of greater than 80%. Access to improved sanitation facilities was also poor as household access to improved sanitation facilities was above 80% in only one LGA. Conclusion: A trachoma program focused on delivery of trichiasis surgery is required in Gombe. Improvements in water and sanitation, through engagement with other sectors, are necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-411
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • Blindness
  • prevalence
  • sanitation
  • trachoma
  • trichiasis surgery
  • water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Ophthalmology

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