Tracheobronchial calcifications in children

Lauren P. Golding, Michael J. Walsh, Thomas E. Sumner, Thomas Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Tracheobronchial calcifications are considered a rare radiologic finding in children. Our clinical experience indicates that this finding is not infrequently seen among children with prosthetic heart valves who have been treated with warfarin sodium. Objective: We hypothesized that calcifications of the tracheobronchial tree are more common than previously reported in this patient population. Materials and methods: We reviewed the medical records and imaging studies of children who underwent cardiac valve replacement at our institution to estimate the prevalence. Results: Tracheobronchial calcifications were identified on chest radiographs in 6 out of 17 children (35%), indicating that this imaging finding might be frequently overlooked. Conclusion: All children positive for tracheobronchial calcifications had been anticoagulated with warfarin sodium between the time of surgery and development of positive imaging findings. Our findings suggest that tracheobronchial calcifications are not uncommon in children treated with warfarin. Further investigation is necessary to determine wether there is a cause-effect relationship in these children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-940
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Warfarin
Heart Valves
Diagnostic Imaging
Medical Records
Thorax
Population

Keywords

  • Calcification
  • Pediatric
  • Tracheobronchial
  • Warfarin sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Golding, L. P., Walsh, M. J., Sumner, T. E., & Nakagawa, T. (2013). Tracheobronchial calcifications in children. Pediatric Radiology, 43(8), 937-940. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-013-2649-6

Tracheobronchial calcifications in children. / Golding, Lauren P.; Walsh, Michael J.; Sumner, Thomas E.; Nakagawa, Thomas.

In: Pediatric Radiology, Vol. 43, No. 8, 08.2013, p. 937-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Golding, LP, Walsh, MJ, Sumner, TE & Nakagawa, T 2013, 'Tracheobronchial calcifications in children', Pediatric Radiology, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 937-940. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-013-2649-6
Golding LP, Walsh MJ, Sumner TE, Nakagawa T. Tracheobronchial calcifications in children. Pediatric Radiology. 2013 Aug;43(8):937-940. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-013-2649-6
Golding, Lauren P. ; Walsh, Michael J. ; Sumner, Thomas E. ; Nakagawa, Thomas. / Tracheobronchial calcifications in children. In: Pediatric Radiology. 2013 ; Vol. 43, No. 8. pp. 937-940.
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