Aspectos toxicológicos del consumo de bebidas refrescantes que contienen quinina

Translated title of the contribution: Toxicological aspects of the consumption of soft drinks containing quinine

Xesús Feás Sánchez, James Robert Brašić, Cristina Asunción Fente Sampayo, Alberto Cepeda Sáez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In Spain, total production of soft drinks in 2005 amounted to 4887 million liters. These, represent an increase of 2.5% compared to the year 2004. Of the total industrial output, 98,822 liters (2.02%) corresponding to soft drinks type tonic water. Toxicologically, quinine is important and should be avoided by pregnant women and people with hepatic failure, and remains a potentially extremely toxic agent in children. Also allergy to quinine and anaphylactic shock after drinking a glass of tonic water has been described. The use of quinine in therapeutic or excessive consumes may cause cinchonism syndrome. We believe there is a need for more extensive information for risk groups and to raise awareness among consumers about possible adverse reactions to quinine. Data show that quinine concentrations in the analyzed beverages from Spain is variable. Soft drinks from different manufactures do not always comply with the labelling directive.

Translated title of the contributionToxicological aspects of the consumption of soft drinks containing quinine
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)20-25
Number of pages6
JournalNutricion Clinica y Dietetica Hospitalaria
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008


  • Quinine
  • Soft drinks
  • Toxicology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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