Towards diaspora-driven research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries

results from India and Nepal

Varshini Varadaraj, Anju Ranjit, Joseph Nwadiuko, Joseph Canner, Marie Diener-West, Eric B. Schneider, Sadras Panchatcharam Thyagarajan, Rajeev Shrestha, Neeraja Nagarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Biomedical research from high-income countries often informs practice and policy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) with vastly different socioeconomic and health systems. Engagement of LMIC-based researchers is integral to setting research priorities in the local context. METHODS: A program, comprising a research seminar and workshop, and utilizing diaspora health professionals to understand research needs and build research capacity in LMICs, was created and pilot-tested at two institutions in India (65 participants) and Nepal (30 participants). Pre- and post-program surveys were instituted to assess participants' attitudes towards research. RESULTS: In the pre-program survey, most participants (India: 76%, Nepal: 100%) perceived research as 'very/extremely important' in their careers. However, a majority felt that finding time (India: 75%, Nepal: 81%) and funding (India: 82%, Nepal: 100%) for research was 'difficult/very difficult'. After the program, 86-91% and 86-100% of participants from India and Nepal, respectively, felt that the various courses were very useful/useful for their research careers. CONCLUSIONS: Research is seen as an integral part of educational training and career advancement in LMICs. However, inadequate training, funding and mentorship remain a challenge. Engagement of diaspora health workers may serve as an important avenue for collaborative biomedical research capacity strengthening in LMICs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalInternational health
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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Nepal
diaspora
India
income
Research
Biomedical Research
Health
funding
Mentors
career
educational training
career advancement
health
health professionals
Research Personnel
Education

Keywords

  • Diaspora health workers
  • low- and middle-income countries
  • research attitudes
  • research barriers
  • research capacity strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Towards diaspora-driven research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries : results from India and Nepal. / Varadaraj, Varshini; Ranjit, Anju; Nwadiuko, Joseph; Canner, Joseph; Diener-West, Marie; Schneider, Eric B.; Thyagarajan, Sadras Panchatcharam; Shrestha, Rajeev; Nagarajan, Neeraja.

In: International health, Vol. 11, No. 3, 01.05.2019, p. 221-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Varadaraj, V, Ranjit, A, Nwadiuko, J, Canner, J, Diener-West, M, Schneider, EB, Thyagarajan, SP, Shrestha, R & Nagarajan, N 2019, 'Towards diaspora-driven research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries: results from India and Nepal', International health, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 221-228. https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihy076
Varadaraj, Varshini ; Ranjit, Anju ; Nwadiuko, Joseph ; Canner, Joseph ; Diener-West, Marie ; Schneider, Eric B. ; Thyagarajan, Sadras Panchatcharam ; Shrestha, Rajeev ; Nagarajan, Neeraja. / Towards diaspora-driven research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries : results from India and Nepal. In: International health. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 221-228.
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