Total Gastrectomy for CDH-1 Mutation Carriers: An Institutional Experience

Sandra R. DiBrito, Alex B. Blair, Vishnu Prasath, Mehran Habibi, John W. Harmon, Mark D. Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death across the world. A subset of gastric cancers demonstrates an inherited genetic predisposition. Individuals with germline mutations in the CDH1 gene incur a lifetime risk for diffuse gastric cancer and benefit from prophylactic gastrectomy. The results for this operative intervention remain relatively undescribed in the literature, despite guidelines supporting its use. Methods: We present a single-institution series of patients with confirmed CDH1 mutations who underwent gastrectomy. We describe their presenting symptoms, preoperative screening, clinicopathologic features, and outcomes. Focal outcomes of interest are weight loss and postoperative morbidity. Results: Between 2010 and 2018, ten patients with a confirmed CDH1 mutation underwent total gastrectomy with intestinal pouch reconstruction at our institution. Two patients had clinical gastric cancer at the time of their operation at 21 and 60 y of age. Eight patients had prophylactic gastrectomy. All prophylactic patients had undergone prior endoscopic screening without detection of cancer; however, three had occult gastric cancer on pathological examination. Median weight loss after gastrectomy was 10 kg at 6 mo and 11 kg at 1 y. Postoperative morbidity was limited to one anastomotic leak, one hematoma, and one case of pneumonia. All patients remain disease-free with median follow-up of 19 mo. Conclusions: Total gastrectomy for patients with a CDH1 mutation is a cancer-preventing operation for a high-risk population. For this series, jejunal pouch reconstruction was performed with encouragingly low postoperative morbidity, weight loss, and good subjective function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-444
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume247
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • CDH1
  • Familial gastric cancer
  • Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer
  • Prophylactic gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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