Total antioxidant performance is associated with diet and serum antioxidants in participants of the diet and physical activity substudy of the Jackson heart study

Sameera A. Talegawkar, Giangiacomo Beretta, Kyung Jin Yeum, Elizabeth J. Johnson, Teresa C. Carithers, Herman A. Taylor, Robert M. Russell, Katherine L. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Total antioxidant performance (TAP) measures antioxidant capacities in both hydrophilic and lipophilic compartments of serum and interactions known to exist between them. Our objective was to assess TAP levels in a subset of Jackson Heart Study (JHS) participants and to examine associations with dietary and total (diet + supplement) intakes of α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol (diet only), β-carotene, vitamin C, fruit, vegetables, and nuts, and serum concentrations of α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, and β-carotene. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 420 (mean age 61 y; 254 women) African American men and women participating in the Diet and Physical Activity Sub-Study of the JHS in Jackson, Mississippi. In multivariate-adjusted models, we observed positive associations between total α-tocopherol, total and dietary β-carotene, and total vitamin C intakes and TAP levels (P-trend < 0.05). Positive associations were also observed for vegetable, fruit, and total fruit and vegetable intakes (P-trend < 0.05). For serum antioxidant nutrients, α-tocopherol but not β-carotene was associated with serum TAP levels. There were inverse associations for serum γ-tocopherol and TAP levels. Associations for α-tocopherol were seen at intake levels much higher than the current Recommended Dietary Allowance. It may, therefore, be prudent to focus on increasing consumption of fruit, vegetables, nuts, and seeds to increase total antioxidant capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1964-1971
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume139
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Total antioxidant performance is associated with diet and serum antioxidants in participants of the diet and physical activity substudy of the Jackson heart study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this