Topoisomerase II Levels during Granulocytic Maturation in Vitro and in Vivo

Sharon J. McLaughlin, Michael B. Kastan, Judith E. Karp, Philip J. Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


Western blotting, indirect immunolocalization, fioâ» cytometry, and a functional assay for drug-induced strand breakage were utilized to ex amine topoisomerase (topo) II levels during granulocytic maturation in HL-60 human progranulocytic leukemia cells and in samples of normal human marrow. Indirect immunofluorescence revealed that the intensity of the signal for topo II in unsynchronized log phase HL-60 cells varied widely. Indirect immunolabeling combined with propidium iodide staining and two-parameter flow cytometry revealed that topo II levels increased an average of 2-fold as cells progressed from G, to G2/M. When HL-60 cells were induced to mature toward granulocytes, topo II levels progres sively decreased and became undetectable by functional assays, by indi rect immunoperoxidase staining, and by Western blotting with an anti body which identified M, 170,000 and M, 180,000 forms of topo II. Similar changes were detected during normal granulocytic maturation in human marrow in vivo. Western blotting revealed that levels of the M, 170,000 (proliferation-associated) isoform of topo II were highest in marrow fractions enriched in progranulocytes and myelocytes, interme diate in unfractionated marrow from normal volunteers, and undetectable in mature granulocytes. The A/, 180,000 topo II polypeptide was also diminished or absent from mature granulocytes. In further experiments, marrow samples from normal volunteers were subjected to flow cytometry after labeling of topo II and various cell surface markers. Levels of the Mr 170,000 topo II polypeptide in CD34-positive cells (multipotent and committed progenitors from several hematopoietic lineages) were indis tinguishable from levels observed in the HL-60 leukemia cell line. These results suggest that topo II levels in highly proliferative normal human myeloid cells in vivo approach levels found in corresponding neoplastic cell lines in vitro. Conversely, as the same cells mature into granulocytes in vivo or in vitro, levels of both molecular weight forms of topo II diminish. These results provide a framework for the further investigation of topo II levels and drug sensitivity in human leukemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3534-3543
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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