Topography of the age-related decline in motion sensitivity

Robert Wojciechowski, Gary L. Trick, Scott B. Steinman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose. We examined whether the decline in motion sensitivity in the elderly is equivalent for different visual field locations. Methods. High velocity (28°/s) random dot kinematograms (RDK’s) were used to measure direction discrimination thresholds for 5 locations in the visual field (1 position centered on fixation and 4 locations each centered 18° from fixation in the nasal, temporal, superior, and inferior quadrants). Differential luminance sensitivity was assessed by automated perimetry. Younger (N=15, mean age=22.9 ± 1.3 years) and older (N=13, mean age=66.6 ± 4.5 years) subjects were studied. Results. Motion sensitivity varied with test location for both younger and older subjects, but sensitivity was significantly lower in older individuals. The largest age-related reduction in sensitivity was in the central location, whereas the smallest decline was in the superior position. No significant correlations between motion and differential luminance sensitivity were evident. Conclusions. There is a significant age-related deterioration in visual sensitivity to motion which is more pronounced in the central visual field than in some regions of the more peripheral field. Although both motion and differential luminance sensitivity decrease with age, the rate and the magnitude of the loss differ for these two visual functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Motion perception
  • Motion perimetry
  • Visual fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry

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