Topography And Homogeneity Of Monkey Vi Studied Through Subdurally Recorded Pattern-Evoked Potentials

Gislin Dagnelie, Henk Spekreijse, Bob Van Dijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using small checkerboard stimulus fields, we have recorded visually evoked potentials (VEPs) in an alert rhesus monkey from an array of 35 electrodes chronically implanted between dura and arachnoid to study mass neuronal activity in striate and peristriate visual cortex. Although the principal purpose of this work was to study in detail cortical mapping in this particular animal for future intracortical recordings, we report here the usefulness of our approach for the non-invasive study of cortical processing, in particular of cortical magnification and receptive-field properties over the central 6° of the visual field. The striate and extrastriate components in the pattern onset VEP both have a double negative-going waveform, with N-P-N peak latencies of 75-100-135 ms and 90-115-160 ms, respectively, for small element sizes and moderate contrasts; latencies may be 5 ms shorter for large element sizes and high contrast. We found little activity at electrode locations over visual areas beyond V2. The waveforms and timing permit some careful speculation concerning intracortical processing and VEP generation. The complex logarithmic form of the retinotopical projection provides a satisfactory model for our data, if a value of 1-1.2° is used for the offset parameter a. Our data suggest that the most abundant receptive-field size in foveal striate cortex has a center diameter of 12’. This size remains constant up to 2° eccentricity, and increases only slowly up to 4°. The smallest receptive-field sizes seem to be independent of eccentricity throughout the central 4° of VI, with a value of 4-8, in agreement with single-cell data reported by Dow et al. (1981) and Van Essen et al. (1984).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-525
Number of pages17
JournalVisual neuroscience
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

Keywords

  • Alert monkey
  • Cortical magnification
  • Implanted
  • Visual cortex
  • Visually evoked potential
  • electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Sensory Systems

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