Tomosynthesis-guided vacuum-assisted breast biopsy of architectural distortion without a sonographic correlate: A retrospective review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Digital breast tomosynthesis-guided vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (DBT VAB) allows biopsy of findings seen better or exclusively on digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), including architectural distortion. Although architectural distortion with an associated sonographic mass correlate has a high risk of malignancy, limited data describe the radiologic-pathologic correlation of tomosynthesis-detected architectural distortion without a sonographic correlate. OBJECTIVE. This study evaluates the malignancy rate of architectural distortions without a sonographic correlate that undergo DBT VAB and provides radiologic-pathologic correlation for benign, high-risk, and malignant entities that are associated with architectural distortion. METHODS. We retrospectively reviewed imaging, as well as pathology slides and/or reports, for DBT VABs performed for architectural distortion without a sonographic correlate at a single institution between June 1, 2017, and January 15, 2020. According to the correlative histopathology, cases were categorized as benign, high risk, or malignant, and specific histopathologic diagnoses were summarized. RESULTS. During the study period, 142 patients (mean age, 59 years) underwent DBT VAB for 151 unique architectural distortions without a sonographic correlate. DBT VAB revealed a malignant diagnosis in 27 (18%), a high-risk lesion in 50 (33%), and a benign diagnosis in 74 (49%). Two cases of atypical ductal hyperplasia were upgraded to malignancy, resulting in a final malignancy rate of 19% (n = 29/151). Most malignant lesions were invasive carcinomas (83%, n = 24/29); most invasive carcinomas were of lobular subtype (54%, n = 13/24). Most high-risk lesions were radial scars/complex sclerosing lesions (62%, n = 31/50). Most benign results represented fibrocystic change (66%, n = 49/74). A subset (11%, n = 8/74) of benign results were considered discordant and subsequently excised, with none representing malignancy. CONCLUSION. The final malignancy rate of 19% in architectural distortion without a sonographic correlate justifies a recommendation for biopsy using DBT VAB. CLINICAL IMPACT. Our results highlight the utility of DBT VAB in the era of DBT. The detailed radiologic-pathologic correlations will assist radiologists in assessing concordance when performing DBT VAB for architectural distortions and provide a reference for future patient management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)845-854
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume217
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Architectural distortion
  • Breast biopsy
  • Breast cancer
  • Breast imaging
  • Digital breast tomosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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