Tolerance of young infants to a single, large dose of vitamin A: A randomized community trial in Nepal

K. P. West, S. K. Khatry, S. C. LeClerq, R. Adhikari, L. See, J. Katz, S. R. Shrestha, E. K. Pradhan, R. P. Pokhrel, A. Sommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A randomized, double-masked trial was carried out in rural Nepal to investigate the incidence and severity of acute side-effects among neonates (< 1 month of age) and infants aged 1-6 months who received a large, oral dose of vitamin A (15000 retinol equivalents (RE) (50000 IU) and 30000 RE (100000 IU), respectively) or placebo (75 RE (250 IU) and 150 RE (500 IU), respectively) in oil. Infants (vitamin A group, n = 1461; controls, n = 1379) were assessed for vomiting, loose stools, fever, and irritability during the 24 hours before and after dosing. Fontanelles were palpated 24 hours after dosing. Neonates exhibited no excess risk of adverse side-effects after receiving 15000 RE. Compared with controls the older infants who ingested 30000 RE had a 1.6% excess rate of vomiting (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.2-3.0%) and a 0.5% excess rate (95% CI: -0.1 to 1.1%) in the occurrence of bulging fontanelles. There were no other significant differences in the older infants. The controlled, periodic distribution of a single 15000 RE dose of vitamin A therefore confers no apparent acute risk to young infants; a 30000 RE dose is associated with a minimum risk of transient, acute side-effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)733-739
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Volume70
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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