Tobacco use cessation interventions for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth and young adults: A scoping review

N. Bruce Baskerville, Darly Dash, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong, Aneta Abramowicz, Jennifer Yessis, Ryan D. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Smoking prevalence among LGBTQ + youth and young adults is alarmingly high compared to their non-LGBTQ + peers. The purpose of the scoping review was to assess the current state of smoking prevention and cessation intervention research for LGBTQ + youth and young adults, identify and describe these interventions and their effectiveness, and identify gaps in both practice and research. A search for published literature was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and LGBT Life, as well as an in-depth search of the grey literature. All English articles published or written between January 2000 and February 2016 were extracted. The search identified 24 records, of which 21 were included; 11 from peer reviewed sources and 10 from the grey literature. Of these 21, only one study targeted young adults and only one study had smoking prevention as an objective. Records were extracted into evidence tables using a modified PICO framework and a narrative synthesis was conducted. The evidence to date is drawn from methodologically weak studies; however, group cessation counselling demonstrates high quit rates and community-based programs have been implemented, although very little evidence of outcomes exist. Better-controlled research studies are needed and limited evidence exists to guide implementation of interventions for LGBTQ + youth and young adults. This scoping review identified a large research gap in the area of prevention and cessation interventions for LGBTQ youth and young adults. There is a need for effective, community-informed, and engaged interventions specific to LGBTQ + youth and young adults for the prevention and cessation of tobacco.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Interventions
  • LGBTQ
  • Review
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco use
  • Young adults
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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