Peripheral nerve injury often requires medical intervention. Unfortunately, many patients never have a full recovery, despite a multi-disciplinary approach, including operative intervention and physical and/or occupational therapy. Outcomes are multifactorial, but are largely affected by the original injury severity, and patient comorbidities. A lcoholism, diabetes mellitus and ageing may detrimentally affect the outcomes of nerve injury; however little is known about tobacco's potential impact on nerve regeneration. Tobacco has known immunomodulatory effects, which suggests that it might affect peripheral nerve regeneration and functional recovery following injury. This review characterizes the effects of tobacco use on the complex cellular and chemokine interactions in peripheral nerve regeneration.
- Peripheral nerve injury
- Peripheral nerve regeneration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine