Amplification, sequencing and analysis of the 16S rRNA gene affords characterization of microbial community composition. As this tool has become more popular and amplicon-sequencing applications have grown in the total number of samples, growth in sample multiplexing is becoming necessary while maintaining high sequence quality and sequencing depth. Here, modifications to the Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform are described which produce greater multiplexing capabilities and 300 bp paired-end reads of higher quality than produced by the current Illumina MiSeq platform. To improve the feasibility and flexibility of this method, a 2-Step PCR amplification protocol is also described that allows for targeting of different amplicon regions, thus improving amplification success from low bacterial bioburden samples.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)