Optical methods have a long history in the field of medical diagnosis. The biomolecular specificity possible with optical methods has been particularly valuable in microscopy and histopathology while in vivo imaging of deep structures has traditionally been the domain of X-ray and MRI. The use of optical methods in deep tissue has been limited by multiple-scattering which blurs or distorts the optical signal. New stochastic methods which account for multiple scattering have been developed that are extending the usefulness of optical methods deep into tissue. In optical mammography, photons may travel through 10cm of tissue before arriving at the detector. We have developed a method for quantifying parameters of anomalous sites in breast tissue that may be used for functional characterization of tumors. In other work presented here, we are developing fluorescence based methods to detect and monitor tumor status. The immune response to a tumor is a target for fluorescently labeled specific antibodies. We have developed a method to localize the tumor site using CW fluorescence. Additionally, we have developed a method which uses time-resolved data and capitalizes on probe lifetime sensitivity to metabolic parameters such as pH and temperature to obtain functional information from the tumor site.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research