Time course of late preconditioning against myocardial stunning in conscious pigs

Xian Liang Tang, Yumin Qiu, Seong Wook Park, Jian Zhong Sun, Anantharam Kalya, Roberto Bolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have recently found in conscious pigs that a sequence of brief coronary occlusions induces severe myocardial stunning, but when the same sequence is repeated 24 hours later, the severity of stunning is markedly reduced (≃50%) ('late pre-conditioning against stunning'). As an initial step toward elucidating the mechanism and potential clinical significance of this powerful cardioprotective response, the present study was conducted to define the time course of late preconditioning against myocardial stunning. Conscious pigs underwent a sequence of ten 2-minute coronary occlusion/2- minute reperfusion cycles and then a second identical sequence at 6 hours (group I, n=7), 12 hours (group II, n=6), 24 hours (group III, n= 10), 3 days (group IV, n=10), or 6 days (group V, n=11) after the first. Systolic wall thickening (WTh) in the ischemic/reperfused region remained significantly depressed for at least 3 hours after the 10th reperfusion of the first sequence, indicating myocardial stunning. When the second sequence of coronary occlusions was performed 6 hours after the first (group I), the recovery of WTh was similar to the first. In contrast, when the second sequence was repeated 12 hours after the first (group II), the recovery of WTh was improved, though not consistently, and the total deficit of WTh decreased by 41% (P<.05) compared with the first sequence. When the second sequence was repeated 24 hours (group III) and 3 days (group IV) after the first, the recovery of WTh was substantially enhanced, with 52% and 49% reductions in the total deficit of WTh, respectively (P<.01 versus the first sequence). When the second sequence was repeated 6 days later (group V), the recovery of WTh was indistinguishable from the first sequence. Thus, late preconditioning against myocardial stunning requires >6 hours to develop, lasts for at least 60 hours after its appearance (with the most effective protection present at 24 hours and 3 days), and disappears within 6 days after the preconditioning ischemia, a time course that is consistent with the synthesis and degradation of cardioprotective proteins. In view of its sustained duration, this endogenous cardioprotective mechanism is of potential clinical importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-434
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation research
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • contractile function
  • ischemic preconditioning
  • myocardial stunning
  • pig
  • thickening fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Tang, X. L., Qiu, Y., Park, S. W., Sun, J. Z., Kalya, A., & Bolli, R. (1996). Time course of late preconditioning against myocardial stunning in conscious pigs. Circulation research, 79(3), 424-434. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.RES.79.3.424