The influence of hemodynamics and pharmacologic agents on the time course of isovolumic pressure fall was studied in the working dog, right-heart-bypass preparation. The time constant (T) was determined for the exponential portion of the left ventricular pressure (LVP) fall following maximum negative dP/dt. No significant changes in T occurred as a result of 1) variation in cardiac input between 1.5 and 4.0 l/min at constant peak LVP and heart rate (n = 8) or 2) variation in peak LVP between 85 ± 3 and 192 ± 3 mmHg at constant cardiac input and heart rate (n = 7). Abrupt changes in heart rate from 110 to 180 beats/min at constant stroke volume and peak LVP shortened T from 27 ± 4 to 23 ± 3 ms (P < 0.02). A significant increase in T occurred after administration of propranolol, whereas norepinephrine decreased T and acetylstrophanthidin after propranolol also decreased T. To attempt to dissociate possible effects of increased velocity of shortening on T from effects of increased inotropy per se, mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (V(CF)) was estimated in nine hearts. Lowering peak LVP from 160 ± 5 to 83 ± 3 mmHg resulted in an increase in mean V(CF) from 1.19 ± 0.27 to 1.54 ± 0.31 diam/s (circ/s) (P < 0.01); T did not change significantly, 42 ± 4 vs. 45 ± 4 ms (NS). Norepinephrine, in contrast, caused a similar increase in mean V(CF) from 1.59 ± 0.16 to 2.00 ± 0.22 diam/s (P < 0.05), but again T shortened, 36 ± 2 to 27 ± 2 ms (P < 0.01). Hence, in the working preparation, T appears independent of stroke volume, peak LVP, and fiber shortening velocity within broad physiological ranges. Large increases in heart rate result in small but significant shortening of T. T is altered by pharmacologic agents thought to influence the active cardiac relaxing system or the inotropic state or both.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|State||Published - 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)