Thyroid disorders in pregnancy

Swaytha Yalamanchi, David S. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of review Recognition and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy is challenging with conflicting recommendations from various professional organizations. Recent findings We review the literature related to the diagnosis and management of gestational hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. We also discuss postpartum thyroiditis, thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. The evidence clearly demonstrates that both overt hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism should be treated, but controversy exists regarding the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism and thyroid antibody positive euthyroidism, and whether pregnant women should be screened for thyroid disease. Summary Appropriate management of thyroid disease during pregnancy is important for maternal and fetal health, particularly the recognition and management of hypothyroidism and thyrotoxicosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-415
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pregnancy
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroiditis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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