The purpose of this investigation was to study the effects of a selective thromboxane A2 (TXA2) synthetase inhibitor (TSI) upon the evolution of cerebral infarction in the cat. Adult cats, lightly anesthetized with nitrous oxide, underwent right middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion for 4 hours followed by a 2-hour period of reperfusion before sacrifice. Ten cats received 3 mg/kg TSI intravenously immediately before, and 10 cats received 3 mg/kg TSI intravenously immediately after MCA occlusion. Ten cats were used as controls receiving no treatment. The bleeding time was determined at baseline and at the end of each experiment. Electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings were obtained before and after MCA clipping and MCA release, and at hourly intervals thereafter. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured using the xenon-133 (133Xe) clearance technique before and after MCA occlusion, after MCA reopening, and before terminating each experiment. Thirty minutes before each cat was sacrificed, Evans blue dye and sodium fluorescein were given intravenously. The animals were then perfused with colloidal carbon and the brains removed and evaluated for midline shift, Evans blue dye and sodium fluorescein extravasation, carbon staining, and infarct size. The bleeding time, arterial blood pressure, rCBF changes, brain swelling, and vital dye extravasation were not statistically different between the 3 treatment groups. The EEG changes, carbon staining, and infarct size differences between the 3 groups also failed to reach statistical significance, but there was a suggestion that these parameters were adversely affected in the cats pretreated with TSI. Ten additional cats undergoing MCA occlusion and reperfusion were used for pharmacological studies. Five of them received 3 mg/kg TSI intravenously immediately after MCA occlusion, and serial drug and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) levels (a stable metabolite of TXA2) were determined. Another 5 cats were not treated and serial TXB2 levels were obtained. Production of TXA2 was inhibited by 95% in cats receiving TSI. In conclusion, thromboxane synthetase inhibition failed to modify favorably the evolution of cerebral infarction. When TSI was given before MCA occlusion, cerebral infarction tended to be more extensive.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology