Thromboxane A2 receptors (TP) were previously localized to discrete regions in the rat brain on myelinated fiber tracts and oligodendrocytes (OLGs). The present studies extended these findings and investigated the effects of TP signaling on cell proliferation, survival, and gene expression in OLG progenitor cells (OPCs) and OLGs. It was found that the TP agonist, U46619 stimulated the proliferation of OPCs and promoted the survival of mature OLGs. Examination of the early gene expression events involved in OPC proliferation, revealed that c-fos expression was substantially increased by U46619 stimulation. Treatment of OPCs or OLGs with U46619 caused activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) ERK 1/2. In OPCs this activation was blocked by inhibition of src. However, in OLGs this phosphorylation was not only blocked by inhibition of src but also by inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC). Furthermore, U46619 was found to increase CREB phosphorylation in both OPCs and OLGs. Similar to ERK 1/2 activation, there was a divergence in the mechanism of the TP-mediated CREB response for each cell type. Specifically, U46619 activation was attenuated by src and protein kinase A (PKA) inhibition in OPCs, whereas in OLGs this effect was blocked by inhibition of src, PKA as well as by inhibition of PKC. Collectively, these results provide the first demonstration that TP-activated nuclear signaling events are involved in the proliferation of OPCs, the survival of mature OLGs, and the stimulation of gene expression.
- Thromboxane A receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience