Three-strand exchange by the Escherichia coli RecA protein using ITP as a nucleotide cofactor: Mechanistic parallels with the ATP-dependent reaction of the RecA protein from Streptococcus pneumoniae

Francine S. Katz, Floyd R. Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The RecA protein from Escherichia coli promotes an ATP-dependent three-strand exchange reaction between a circular single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and a homologous linear double-stranded (dsDNA). We have now found that under certain conditions, the RecA protein is also able to promote the three-strand exchange reaction using the structurally related nucleoside triphosphate, ITP, as the nucleotide cofactor. However, although both reactions are stimulated by single-stranded DNA-binding (SSB) protein, the ITP-dependent reaction differs from the ATP-dependent reaction in that it is observed only at low SSB protein concentrations, whereas the ATP-dependent reaction proceeds efficiently even at high SSB protein concentrations. Moreover, the circular ssDNA-dependent ITP hydrolysis activity of the RecA protein is strongly inhibited by SSB protein (suggesting that SSB protein displaces RecA protein from ssDNA when ITP is present), whereas the ATP hydrolysis activity is uninhibited even at high SSB protein concentrations (because RecA protein is resistant to displacement by SSB protein when ATP is present). These results suggest that SSB protein does not stimulate the ITP-dependent strand exchange reaction presynaptically (by facilitating the binding of RecA protein to the circular ssDNA substrate) but may act postsynaptically (by binding to the displaced strand that is generated when the circular ssDNA invades the linear dsDNA substrate). Interestingly, the mechanistic characteristics of the ITP-dependent strand exchange reaction of the E. coli RecA protein are similar to those of the ATP-dependent strand exchange reaction of the RecA protein from Streptococcus pneumoniae. These findings are discussed in terms of the relationship between the dynamic state of the RecA-ssDNA filament and the mechanism of the SSB protein-stimulated three-strand exchange reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35889-35896
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number38
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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