Objective To assess the impact of concurrent anti-incontinence procedure (AIP) at time of abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) on 30-day complications, readmission, and reoperation. Methods The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2006 to 2013 was queried to identify patients who underwent ASC with or without AIP. We assessed baseline characteristics and 30-day perioperative outcomes including complications, readmission, and reoperation. Results There were 4793 patients who underwent ASC, of whom 1705 underwent concurrent AIP (35.6%). The majority of patients (4414, 92.1%) were treated by a gynecologist, but those treated by a urologist were older, had higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, and had increased frailty. Rates of 30-day postoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) and overall complication were higher among women who underwent concurrent AIP (4.75% vs 2.33%, P <.001; 7.74% vs 6.02%, P =.02). On multivariate analysis controlling for age, body mass index, approach, ASA physical status, modified frailty index, resident involvement, and surgeon specialty, AIP was associated with increased odds of UTI (odds ratio 2.20, 95% confidence interval 1.14-4.13, P =.02) and increased odds of overall complication (odds ratio 1.80, 95%confidence interval 1.10-2.93, P =.02). Thirty-day readmission and reoperation rates did not differ between the groups. Conclusion AIP performed at the time of ASC are associated with higher rates of 30-day postoperative UTI but do not impact 30-day readmission or reoperation. The decision to perform AIP at the time of ASC should be made following a thorough discussion of the risks and benefits, including the potential for increased UTI with concurrent AIP.
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