Third-ventricular neurocysticercosis: Hydraulic maneuvers facilitating endoscopic resection

Benjamin I. Rapoport, Lissa C. Baird, Alan R. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Neurocysticercosis, an infection of the central nervous system with the larval cysts of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, is the most common parasitic disease of the central nervous system. The disease is a major global cause of acquired epilepsy and may also manifest as intracranial hypertension due to mass effect from large cysts or to cerebrospinal fluid flow obstruction by intraventricular cysts or inflammation of the subarachnoid space. While the condition is endemic in several regions of the world and has been appreciated as a public health problem in such regions for several decades, its emergence in the USA in areas far from the Mexican border is a more recent phenomenon. Methods: We present a case of surgically corrected acute hydrocephalus in a recent Haitian emigrant child due to a third ventricular neurocysticercal cyst complex. Results: We describe the endoscope-assisted en bloc removal of the complex, together with hydraulic maneuvers facilitating the removal of the intact cyst. Conclusions: Simple hydraulic maneuvers can facilitate the endoscopic en bloc removal of third ventricular neurocysticercal cysts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-546
Number of pages6
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Endoscopy
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Neurocysticercosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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