Therapeutic monitoring of experimental invasive pulmonary aspergillosis by ultrafast computerized tomography, a novel, noninvasive method for measuring responses to antifungal therapy

T. J. Walsh, K. Garrett, E. Feuerstein, M. Girton, M. Allende, J. Bacher, A. Francesconi, R. Schaufele, P. A. Pizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pulmonary infiltrates in neutropenic hosts with invasive aspergillosis are due to vascular invasion and hemorrhagic infarction. In order to measure the effect of antifungal compounds on this organism-mediated tissue injury, we monitored the course of pulmonary infiltrates by serial ultrafast computerized tomography (UFCT) in persistently granulocytopenic rabbits with experimental invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. The course of pulmonary lesions measured by serial UFCT scans was compared with those measured by conventional chest radiography, histopathological resolution of lesions, and microbiological clearance of Aspergillus fumigatus. Treatment groups included either amphotericin B colloidal dispersion in dosages of 1, 5, and 10 mg/kg of body weight per day intravenously or conventional desoxycholate amphotericin B at 1 mg/kg/day intravenously. Therapeutic monitoring of pulmonary lesions by UFCT demonstrated a significant dose-response relationship. Lesions continued to progress in untreated controls, whereas lesions in treated rabbits initially increased and then decreased in response to antifungal therapy in a dosage-dependent manner (P ≤ 0.05 to P ≤ 0.005, depending upon the groups compared). This same trend of resolution of lesions in response to antifungal therapy was also demonstrated by postmortem examination and by microbiological clearance of the organism. These data indicated that amphotericin B colloidal dispersion at 5 and 10 mg/kg/day exerted a more rapid rate of clearance of lesions than conventional amphotericin B. UFCT was more sensitive than conventional chest radiography in detecting lesions due to invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (P < 0.05 to P < 0.005, depending upon the groups compared). These findings establish a correlation among UFCT-defined lesions, microbiological response, and resolution of pathologically defined lesions in experimental invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Serial monitoring of UFCT-defined lesions of aspergillosis provides a novel system for determining the antifungal response of organism-mediated tissue injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1069
Number of pages5
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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