Therapeutic issues in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients

M. S. Sulkowski, Y. Benhamou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The importance of treating hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated morbidities in a growing population of patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has increased since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. As a result, investigative attention is turning to HCV-related liver disease and treatment-associated issues in coinfection. HIV/HCV-coinfected patients have higher HCV RNA loads and show more rapid progression of fibrosis than do monoinfected patients. Combination therapy with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (RBV) is the standard of care for HCV in coinfected patients. Therapy slows fibrosis progression, but toxicity prevents identification of the most effective RBV dose. Coinfected patients have about a threefold greater risk of antiretroviral therapy-associated hepatotoxicity than patients with HIV only. Other challenges include anaemia, mitochondrial toxicity, drug-drug interactions and leucopenia. Thus, chronic hepatitis C should be treated in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, but steps must be taken to prevent and treat potential toxicities. The first European Consensus Conference on the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B and C in HIV Co-infected Patients was held March 2005 in Paris to address these issues. This article reviews the peer-reviewed literature and expert opinion published from 1990 to 2005, and compares results with presentations and recommendations from the Consensus Conference to best present current issues in coinfection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-386
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of viral hepatitis
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Coinfection
  • Hepatitis C
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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