Theory and methods in comparative drug and alcohol policy research: Response to a review of the literature

Scott Burris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Comparative drug and alcohol policy analysis (CPA) is alive and well, and the emergence of robust alternatives to strict prohibition provides exciting research opportunities. As a multidisciplinary practice, however, CPA faces several methodological challenges. This commentary builds on a recent review of CPA by Ritter et al. (2016) to argue that the practice is hampered by a hazy definition of policy that leads to confusion in the specification and measurement of the phenomena being studied. This problem is aided and abetted by the all-too-common omission of theory from the conceptualization and presentation of research. Drawing on experience from the field of public health law research, this commentary suggests a distinction between empirical and non-empirical CPA, a simple taxonomic model of CPA policy-making, mapping, implementation and evaluation studies, a narrower definition of and rationale for “policy” research, a clear standard for measuring policy, and an expedient approach (and renewed commitment) to using theory explicitly in a multi-disciplinary practice. Strengthening CPA is crucial for the practice to have the impact on policy that good research can.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Drug Policy
Volume41
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Methodology
  • Policy research
  • Policy surveillance
  • Public health law research
  • Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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