Theoretical models and concepts in e-education of health professionals

Oleg Lapshin, Joseph Finkelstein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Goals: In our article we wanted to analyze how often the theoretical concepts of learning are used in the design of Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) and to compare successful CAI which used some theoretical concepts, with CAI which did not explicitly use any theoretical concepts, and conventional learning methods. Methods: We conducted a search in the Ovid Medline database from 1966 to February 4, 2008. Using MeSH headings we looked for the articles that related to undergraduate, graduate and continuous Medical, Nursing, Dental, Pharmaceutical, and Public Health education. Results: Fifty-nine articles were analyzed. Ten (17 %) of the studies used some learning concepts in the design of CAI. Discussion: Only some elements of learning theories, and very rarely theories themselves, were mentioned in the discussed studies. That, and also the small number of studies using the learning principles, could explain that there was no statistically significant difference between effectiveness of studies using or not using learning concepts (p=0.06). Conclusions: Learning theories and concepts are used rarely in creating computer-assisted instruction programs. Using learning theories in creation of CAI programs could potentially significantly improve effectiveness of computer-assisted education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008
Pages229-232
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008 - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: Apr 16 2008Apr 18 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008

Other

Other4th IASTED International Conference on Telehealth and Assistive Technologies, Telehealth/AT 2008
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD
Period4/16/084/18/08

Keywords

  • Computer-assisted instruction
  • E-learning
  • Learning theories
  • Medical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering

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